This section describes how to assemble a number of sequence reads into a contig without the use of a reference sequence (a known sequence that can be used for comparison with the other sequences, see Assemble to reference sequence).
Note! You can assemble a maximum of 10,000 sequences at a time.
To assemble more sequences, please use the De Novo Assembly () tool under De Novo Sequencing () in the Toolbox instead.
To perform the assembly:
Toolbox | Molecular Biology Tools () | Sanger Sequencing Analysis ()| Assemble Sequences ()
This will open a dialog where you can select sequences to assemble. If you already selected sequences in the Navigation Area, these will be shown in 'Selected Elements'. You can alter your choice of sequences to assemble, or add others, by using the arrows to move sequences between the Navigation Area and the 'Selected Elements' box. You can also add sequence lists.
When the sequences are selected, click Next. This will show the dialog in figure 20.6
This dialog gives you the following options for assembly:
- Minimum aligned read length. The minimum number of nucleotides in a read which must be successfully aligned to the contig. If this criteria is not met by a read, the read is excluded from the assembly.
- Alignment stringency. Specifies the stringency (Low, Medium or High) of the scoring function used by the alignment step in the contig assembly algorithm. A higher stringency level will tend to produce
contigs with fewer ambiguities but will also tend to omit more
sequencing reads and to generate more and shorter contigs.
- Conflicts. If there is a conflict, i.e. a position where there is disagreement about the residue (A, C, T or G), you can specify how the contig sequence should reflect the conflict:
- Vote (A, C, G, T). The conflict will be solved by counting instances of each nucleotide and then letting the majority decide the nucleotide in the contig. In case of equality, ACGT are given priority over one another in the stated order.
- Unknown nucleotide (N). The contig will be assigned an 'N' character in all positions with conflicts (conflicts are registered already when two nucleotides differ).
- Ambiguity nucleotides (R, Y, etc.). The contig will display an ambiguity nucleotide reflecting the different nucleotides found in the reads (nucleotide ambiguity is registered already when two nucleotides differ). For an overview of ambiguity codes, see IUPAC codes for nucleotides.
- Create full contigs, including trace data. This will create a contig where all the aligned reads are displayed below the contig sequence. (You can always extract the contig sequence without the reads later on.) For more information on how to use the contigs that are created, see View and edit contigs.
- Show tabular view of contigs. A contig can be shown both in a graphical as well as a tabular view. If you select this option, a tabular view of the contig will also be opened (Even if you do not select this option, you can show the tabular view of the contig later on by clicking Table () at the bottom of the view.) For more information about the tabular view of contigs, see Assembly variance table.
- Create only consensus sequences. This will not display a contig but will only output the assembled contig sequences as single nucleotide sequences. If you choose this option it is not possible to validate the assembly process and edit the contig based on the traces.
When the assembly process has ended, a number of views will be shown, each containing a contig of two or more sequences that have been matched. If the number of contigs seem too high or low, try again with another Alignment stringency setting. Depending on your choices of output options above, the views will include trace files or only contig sequences. However, the calculation of the contig is carried out the same way, no matter how the contig is displayed.
See View and edit contigs on how to use the resulting contigs.