This workflow is intended for read mapping and variant calling of the samples to a common reference. To run the workflow on a single sample, go to:
Typing and Epidemiology (beta) () | Workflows () | Map to Specified Reference ()
- Specify the sample you would like to type (figure 10.3) and click Next.
- Specify the Result Metadata Table you want to use (figure 10.4) and click Next.
- You can specify a trim adapter list and set up parameters if you would like to trim your sequences from adapters. Specifying a trim adapter list is optional but recommended to ensure the highest quality data for your typing analysis (figure 10.5). Learn about trim adapter lists at http://resources.qiagenbioinformatics.com/manuals/clcgenomicsworkbench/current/index.php?manual=Trim_adapter_list.html.
The parameters that can be set are:
- Ambiguous trim: if checked, this option trims the sequence ends based on the presence of ambiguous nucleotides (typically N).
- Ambiguous limit: defines the maximal number of ambiguous nucleotides allowed in the sequence after trimming.
- Quality trim: if checked, and if the sequence files contain quality scores from a base-caller algorithm, this information can be used for trimming sequence ends.
- Quality limit: defines the minimal value of the Phred score for which bases will not be trimmed.
- Also search on reversed sequence: the adapter sequences will also be searched on reverse sequences.
- Specify the parameters for the Maps Reads to Reference tool (figure 10.6) using the reference you obtained from the previous workflows - provided that it was the same reference for all the samples you want to re-map - or determined earlier from your K-mer tree if the samples you want to re-map had different best match references.
The parameters that can be set are:
- Cost of insertion and deletions: You can choose affine or linear gap cost.
- Length fraction: The minimum percentage of the total alignment length that must match the reference sequence at the selected similarity fraction. A fraction of 0.5 means that at least half of the alignment must match the reference sequence before the read is included in the mapping (if the similarity fraction is set to 1). Note that the minimal seed (word) size for read mapping is 15 bp, so reads shorter than this will not be mapped.
- Similarity fraction: The minimum percentage identity between the aligned region of the read and the reference sequence. For example, if the identity should be at least 80% for the read to be included in the mapping, set this value to 0.8. Note that the similarity fraction relates to the length fraction, i.e., when the length fraction is set to 50% then at least 50% of the alignment must have at least 80% identity
- Auto-detect paired sequences: This will determine the paired distance (insert size) of paired data sets. If several paired sequence lists are used as input, a separate calculation is done for each one to allow for different libraries in the same run.
- Non-specific match handling: You can choose from the drop down menu whether you would like to ignore or map randomly the non specific matches.
- Specify the parameters for the Basic Variant Detection tool (figure 10.7) before clicking Next.
The parameters that can be set are:
- Ignore broken pairs: You can choose to ignore broken pairs by clicking this option.
- Ignore non-specific matches: You can choose to ignore non-specific matches between reads, regions or to not ignore them at all.
- Minimum read length: Only variants in reads longer than this size are called.
- Minimum coverage: Only variants in regions covered by at least this many reads are called.
- Minimum count: Only variants that are present in at least this many reads are called.
- Minimum frequency %: Only variants that are present at least at the specified frequency (calculated as count/coverage) are called.
- Base quality filter: The base quality filter can be used to ignore the reads whose nucleotide at the potential variant position is of dubious quality.
- Neighborhood radius: Determine how far away from the current variant the quality assessment should extend.
- Minimum central quality: Reads whose central base has a quality below the specified value will be ignored. This parameter does not apply to deletions since there is no "central base" in these cases.
- Minimum neighborhood quality: Reads for which the minimum quality of the bases is below the specified value will be ignored.
- Read direction filters: The read direction filter removes variants that are almost exclusively present in either forward or reverse reads.
- Direction frequency %: Variants that are not supported by at least this frequency of reads from each direction are removed.
- Relative read direction filter: The relative read direction filter attempts to do the same thing as the Read direction filter, but does this in a statistical, rather than absolute, sense: it tests whether the distribution among forward and reverse reads of the variant carrying reads is different from that of the total set of reads covering the site. The statistical, rather than absolute, approach makes the filter less stringent.
- Significance %: Variants whose read direction distribution is significantly different from the expected with a test at this level, are removed. The lower you set the significance cut-off, the fewer variants will be filtered out.
- Read position filter: It removes variants that are located differently in the reads carrying it than would be expected given the general location of the reads covering the variant site.
- Significance %: Variants whose read position distribution is significantly different from
the expected with a test at this level, are removed. The lower you set the significance
cut-off, the fewer variants will be filtered out.
- Remove pyro-error variants: This filter can be used to remove insertions and deletions in the reads that are likely to be due to pyro-like errors in homopolymer regions. There are two parameters that must be specified for this filter:
- In homopolymer regions with minimum length: Only insertion or deletion variants in homopolymer regions of at least this length will be removed.
- With frequency below: Only insertion or deletion variants whose frequency (ignoring all non-reference and non-homopolymer variant reads) is lower than this threshold will be removed.
- In the Result handling window, pressing the button Preview All Parameters allows you to preview - but not change - all parameters. Choose to save the results and click on the button labeled Finish.
Three outputs are generated (figure 10.8):
- Mapping Summary report: summary report about the mapping process, see http://resources.qiagenbioinformatics.com/manuals/clcgenomicsworkbench/current/index.php?manual=Summary_mapping_report.html.
- Reads Track: output from the Local Realignment tool
- Variants Track: output from the Basic Variant Detection tool. Note that it is possible to export multiple variant track files from monoploid data into a single VCF file with the Multi-VCF exporter. This exporter is uploaded to the workbench when installing the Microbial Genomics Module. All variant track files must have the same reference genome for the Multi-VCF export to work.
You have now the data necessary to create a SNP tree for your samples as explained in the section called Create SNP Tree.